Source: UN Women
Women constitute a central focus in the socio-culture system of every nation. Many world bodies, international, non-government organizations have also established legal, administrative and institutional structure for the effective existence and survival of women and girls.
In 1995, the Beijing platform for action remains a relevant guideline for development programming. It provide for “an agenda for women’s empowerment” signed by all government that is seen as “a necessary and fundamental pre-requisite for equality, development and peace.
Extreme poverty was originally defined by the United Nations in 1995 as “a condition characterized by severe deprivation of basic human needs, including food, safe drinking water, sanitation, health, shelter, education and information. It depends not only on income but also on access to services.” Currently, extreme poverty widely refers to earning below the international poverty line of a $ 1.25/day in 2005 prices), set by the World Bank. This measure is the equivalent of earning a $1.00 a day in 1996 US prices, hence the widely used expression, living on “less than a dollar a day”. The vast majority of these in extreme poverty-96%- reside in South Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, East Asia and the Pacific; nearly half live in India and China alone.
The reduction of eradicating extreme poverty and hunger was the first Millennium Development Goals (MDGs 1), as set by 189 United Nations member state in 2000. Specifically, MDG1 set a target of reducing the extreme poverty rate in half by 2015, a goal that was met 5 years ahead of schedule with the expiration of the MDGs fast approaching, the international community, including the UN, the World Bank and the US, has set a target of ending extreme poverty by 2030.
This article deals with conflict and effective post-conflict rehabilitation approaches to prevent future wars and to establish the rule of law and respect for human rights. A special focus is put on establishing democratic governance in Nigeria.
There are daunting challenges of post-conflict reconstruction facing the majority, if not all African countries. Recovering from violent conflicts poses the risk of conflict relapse. The level of visibility varies with regard to the country as well as to the type of conflicts. This fundamentally influences public awareness associated with fear, insecurity and tolerance levels, relating to acceptable of conflict behaviors. Continue reading
Whether for welcoming a newborn or mourning the loss of a relative, every society has and dearly holds onto its own forms of traditions. But in times of emergency such as civil war and genocide, those atrocities not only disrupt current community life but also affect future generations, with such death and destructions, no country is prepared to face the crises aftermath, let alone having a “Recovery toolkit” or a “Reset button”. Therefore, countries look for new ways to mourn their dead, commemorate the events, preserve the memory and move forward.
Since independence in the late 1950s and early 1960s, most Africa governments have been undemocratic, repressive and authoritarian. This has often been marked by serious violation of human rights. These attempts to move away from dark eras of dictatorship with the advent of the so-called “Third wave” of democratization in the 1990s has been accomplished by numerous challenges, one of which is how to deal with the trauma and wounds of the past by ensuring that human rights violations are accounted for in a manner that respects and protects the dignity of survivors and their relatives without threatening future peace and security. The movement from repressive to democratic systems of governance is a worldwide phenomenon and therefore, the transition in Africa has learnt from the inspiring experience of other transitions in Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America. The transitional challenges have usually been enormous. The question is HOW DO YOUTHS DEAL WITH PEOPLE WHO RULED ON A DAILY BASIS BY VIOLENCE, TERROR, INTIMIDATION AND DIVISION? HOW DO YOUTHS BRING BACK TRUST, ECONOMIC PROSPERITY, POLICAL STABILITY AND CONGENIAL SOCIAL RELATION? Continue reading
Nigeria’s economy is highly dependent on oil found in the Niger delta area of the country.
Photo: Daily Telegraph
The social corporate responsibility of international oil companies faces a different political and economic environment both nationally and at the level of producing communities where there facilities are located. The NNPC (Nigeria National Petroleum Corporation) operates mainly through joint venture contract. The greatest joint partners of NNPC remains. The Anglo Dutch conglomerate, Chevron, Texaco and Nigeria liquefied Natural Gas ( a subsidiary of NNPC). Unfortunately, the influx of oil companies and the heightening of their operations in Niger Delta are not matched with an agenda for the development of Nigeria in general and Niger Delta in particular. The oil companies claim to have executed several projects in the host communities as part of their corporate social responsibility. The claims include: the construction of hospitals, roads and schools, provision of potable water, electricity and programmes among others. However, the host communities in Niger Delta seem not to have acknowledged these acclaimed community development projects by the oil companies as they continue in their hostile disposition to the companies. The relationship of cordiality which existed between oil communities and oil companies in the good days have given away hostility and violence thereby causing the form of pipelines vandalism, kidnapping, shutting down of oil companies and seizure of oil installation. Continue reading
The role of the Nigerian youth in the attainment of MDG’s is varied and diverse. The vision of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) is to have a world without corruption, strife and bad leadership among the peoples as well as authorities. The level of commitment and discipline among Nigerian youth should be the first consideration if the nation is to achieve the MDG goals.
It is time for the international community to take actions not only in responding to the Chibok abductions, but also prevent more tragedies from happening.
In the week since the kidnapping of over 200 girls in northern Nigeria, people from across the world have condemned the terrible attack caused by the Boko Harams. The truth is that before they were taken at gunpoint, the Chibok girls lead a life that was exceptional for a girl in northern Nigeria: they were in school.