The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight goals with measurable targets and clear deadlines for improving the lives of the world’s deprived people. To meet these goals and eradicate poverty, leaders of 189 countries signed the historic millennium declaration at the United Nations Millennium Summit in the year 2000. However, renewable energy is reliable, abundant and will potentially be very cheap once technology and infrastructure are improved. It includes solar, wind, geothermal, hydropower and tidal energy, plus biofuels that are grown and harvested without fossil fuels. Non-renewable energy, such as coal and petroleum, require costly explorations and potentially dangerous mining and drilling, and they will become more expensive as supplies decrease and demand increases.
UN Peacekeeping for the past 60 years since its existence has been able to achieve success despite difficulties and challenges. UN Peacekeeping is guided by three basic principles which are: consent of the parties, impartiality and non-use of force except self-defense and defense of the mandate.
More than 116,000 UN personnel from about 120 countries have served in 17 peacekeeping operations with which Africa is not an exception and even has more operations than any other continent in the world; according to the Department of Peacekeeping Operations. This however, shows that Africa is one of the most recipients of the UN Peacekeeping, with countries like Angola, Ethiopia, Liberia, Somalia, Congo, Republic of Congo, Uganda, Rwanda, Burundi, Sierra Leone, Cote d’Ivoire, among any others being beneficiaries.