Goal 16: Promote peaceful and inclusive societies

Goal-16BY IREH KINGSLEY

The sustainable development goals (SDGs) are new, universal set of goals, targets and indicators that UN member states expect to frame their agendas and political policies over the next 15 years. During the break from past, the High-Level Panel Report on the Post-2015 Development Agenda has made a strong plea for effective institutions, calling a “fundamental shift” to recognize theirsignificant role in contributing to citizens’ well-being. The Open Working Group (OWG) on Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) has followed suit by putting forward a goal to “promote peaceful andinclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all andbuild effective,accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.” Continue reading

The African Dream of Freedom of Expression

129_081771a5344f8a85e95766c05a7a0ac0.jpgBY SELEMAN KITENGE

The freedom of expression is still a mystery to most of the least developed countries (LDC) in Africa. Despite the major efforts done by the international community to address this issue, the continent is still far behind from achieving this long waited African dream. Though most of African countries have included this right to their constitutions and laws as part of their commitment and ratification on the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (Adopted on 10 December 1948), African Youth Charter (was endorsed on 2 July 2006) as well as other international laws, but its implementation is not satisfying at all. Continue reading

History of the Cyprus conflict and the UNFICYP mission

The maiCyprus-2n purpose of this article is to give a clear and unbiased view of the Cyprus conflict between the Greek and the Turkish ethnic groups. It will be based on historical facts and will analyse the role played by the United Nations Peacekeeping Forces In Cyprus (UNFICYP) in the search of solutions to the conflict.

The Mediterranean island of Cyprus has experienced during its history complex episodes of hostilities that have led to the division of the territory, which determines the current state of the conflict between the two opposing factions. But before analysing the latest disputes, let’s take a brief look back at Cyprus’ history to better understand the background of the conflict. Continue reading

Goal 15: Sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems – antidote of desertification, land degradation and biodiversity loss

Goal-15

BY DECHEN RABGYAL

At no point in time did the issue of fast degrading terrestrial ecosystems receive such an attention than from the latter half of the twentieth century. And it continues to be high on the agenda at various national, regional and global forums. It has come about by the fast deteriorating terrestrial ecosystem attributed to human activities giving way to climate change, land degradation, desertification, and biodiversity loss, consequently impinging human life and larger ecosystem. Continue reading

UNYANET x World Press Freedom Day 2015: In memory of those who lost their lives

world_press_freedom_day__pedro_x__molinaFreedom of speech is a fundamental human right – and paramount to any democracy. For centuries people have died for the right to speak their minds. Today, those who enjoy it tend to forget their freedom is by no means self-evident. Why people – despite history – still have to fight for it. Continue reading

#9 Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation

Goal-9In the early stages, industrial development needs basic human capital; the period needed to absorb simple industrial technologies is short and needs little protection or external support. At this stage, relatively non-selective educational interventions may be appropriate. As development proceeds, more difficult technologies are used and the need for more sophisticated and specialised training grows. We need to aware that technological knowledge is not shared equally among firms, nor is it easily imitated by or transferred across firms. Thus, simply to gain mastery of a new technology requires skills, effort and investment by the receiving firm, and the extent of mastery achieved is uncertain and necessarily varies by firm according to these inputs.

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#4 Ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promote life-long learning opportunities for all

Goal-4Education is the fundamental principle that enables citizens to develop their own perspective of the world. As Malala Yousazfai said at the United Nations, “one child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world”. Education gifts people with a voice, it allows understanding of your rights and duties, and it provides a person with the knowledge to lead a healthy and fulfilling life. However, despite the importance of receiving an education, in 2012, 58 million children were still out of school. Moreover, there are huge gender gaps in youth literacy rates. According to the United Nations 60 per cent of the adults and youth who lack basic reading and writing skills are women. It is crucial to think over this data and to take measures in this regard.

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Islamic extremism in former Soviet Countries

Case of Abu Omar Al Shishani (Tarkhan Batirashvili) and ISIL threats to Vladimir Putin

Isis partisans

Source: http://flickr.com/islamicstate

Terrorist group ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant), sometimes referred to as ISIS or simply IS, is now controlling a huge amount of land both in Iraq and Syria. Their influence is growing and their numbers are increasing on a daily basis. However, recruits of ISIL do not come only from the Middle East but also from Western nations. Many also come from former Soviet countries, mostly from Central Asia and the Caucasus region with huge numbers coming from the Russian North Caucasus, mainly Chechnya and Dagestan.

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