This article deals with conflict and effective post-conflict rehabilitation approaches to prevent future wars and to establish the rule of law and respect for human rights. A special focus is put on establishing democratic governance in Nigeria.
There are daunting challenges of post-conflict reconstruction facing the majority, if not all African countries. Recovering from violent conflicts poses the risk of conflict relapse. The level of visibility varies with regard to the country as well as to the type of conflicts. This fundamentally influences public awareness associated with fear, insecurity and tolerance levels, relating to acceptable of conflict behaviors.
Conflicts are not limited to commoners because of a certain issue, but established governments with egoistic agendas can sometimes create antagonisms that lead the citizens to call out desperately to their government to respond. What I mean by this is: Governments which are losing touch with common citizens would like to look like “saints” when they respond to crises they quietly created themselves.
In post-conflict situations, it is necessary to pay more attention to rebuilding socio-economic states including democratic institutions, enhancing and strengthening civil administration governance while conducting confidence building and stabilization measures in order to restore the rules and law. Post-conflict initiatives should strengthen the existing government capabilities.
Where the international community and other actors provide supportive roles, governments should take the lead in the process of rebuilding the nation and supporting their affected communities.
Post conflict phases are very vital as the state’s stability depends on the initiative’s effectiveness on and the approach adopted during the process. It is also evident that role models of post conflict initiatives and approaches are not easily available and it really depends on the specific problem’s nature in a particular country and to what extent devastation has affected the democratic governance.
Using a very informative historical perspective, it highlights a number of factors that have for years impeded Nigerian leaders and people to play a major role in the prevention and resolution of continental conflicts. These factors stem from, but are not limited to ideological and structural inadequacies within the continental inter-governmental organization, financial constraints, lack of will and political commitment of states as well as external dependence (especially in terms of financial and logistical resources).
In my opinion, the only solution for conflict resolution and political mediation is sustainable peace in the country. It is time for the governments to put on their thinking caps on the way forward to fight these issues of conflicts and to pose effective post conflict rehabilitation approaches to prevent future wars and conflicts in the societies.
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