Human demands on the world’s available water supplies continue to grow due to rapid population growth, urbanization and industrialization. In the endeavour to manage water to meet human needs, greater demand for increasing smaller supply of water resources in the country and the ecological consequences have been tragic. If we hope to sustain water biodiversity, the appropriation of water flows must be better managed in order to ensure a wealth of goods and services for society in healthy water ecosystems.
To protect the ecological integrity of affected ecosystems, ecologically sustainable water management must occur in order to meet intergenerational human needs. Ecological integrity is protected when the compositional and structural diversity and natural functioning of affected ecosystems is maintained.
Gender equality is the concept in which men and women deserve the same rights and opportunities. Since the beginning of the 21st century, the United Nations has regarded the importance of this human right by making it a central goal of the UN’s eight Millennium Development Goals. These objectives serve as a framework for eradicating poverty and encouraging global development. The gender equality goal aimed to “promote gender equality and empower women”; more specifically, it expected to “eliminate gender disparities in primary education and secondary education, preferably by 2000, and in all levels of education, no latter than 2015.” Fifteen years later, the UN has concluded in its final MDG report that even though gender gaps in access to education have narrowed, uneven progress has been made toward achieving the target at its core. As a result, many disparities remain in all levels of education: secondary and university education levels remain highly unequal and in many parts of the world women continue to face all kinds of discrimination in access to education, work, economic assets or participation in government.
Education is the fundamental principle that enables citizens to develop their own perspective of the world. As Malala Yousazfai said at the United Nations, “one child, one teacher, one book and one pen can change the world”. Education gifts people with a voice, it allows understanding of your rights and duties, and it provides a person with the knowledge to lead a healthy and fulfilling life. However, despite the importance of receiving an education, in 2012, 58 million children were still out of school. Moreover, there are huge gender gaps in youth literacy rates. According to the United Nations 60 per cent of the adults and youth who lack basic reading and writing skills are women. It is crucial to think over this data and to take measures in this regard.
Information Service (UNIS) Vienna from A to Z
Whether during conferences, in the offices or at events you will always find United Nations interns working hard to help make the organization run smoothly.
If you are a student or recent graduate and would like to gain first-hand experience working for the United Nations, the internship programme might be a great option. You will be exposed to the everyday work of the organization, supporting professional staff to carry out their tasks and projects. This will help you to decide whether this kind of work is something for you in the future. Continue reading
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will not able to be achieved by this year if the social issues are not able to solve. We need to aware that social issues can have a significant impact on life and both health of seniors. Thus, addressing these psychosocial problems is an integral component of seniors’ complex medical care.
Maternal health becomes a main concern nowadays as it relates to health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period. Maternal morbidity and mortality will reduce by taking consideration of healthcare dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal and postnatal care. Preconception care refers to education, health promotion, screening and other interventions among women of reproductive age to reduce risk factors that might affect future pregnancies. In order to reduce the maternal mortality ratio, prenatal care is needed in order to detect any potential complications of pregnancy early, to prevent them if possible, and to direct the women to appropriate specialist medical services if appropriate.
Today, 805 million (1 in every 9) people today are undernourished, and approximately 2 billion suffer from micronutrient de
ficiencies (vitamin and mineral deficiencies). By 2050, the world population is expected to reach 9.6 billion, and food being a vital resource, will have to be provided safely, sufficiently, with adequate nutritional value. How do we plan on feeding the future?
The prevalence of poverty is the biggest socio-economic challenge that world has to deal with. As the world population is increasing at the exponential rate, the rate of poverty is increasing proportionally. Poverty could be characterized with the following Macroeconomic and Microeconomic indicators such as Income Levels, Education levels, Unemployment Rates, Purchasing Power Parity, Social Development, and Deficit balances of Trade .According to the (The World Bank, 2011) 14.5 percent of world population is characterized as poor . The indicator that World Bank has used for data collection is Income levels and the people who live on less than $1.45 a day.
Before discussing about environmental sustainability, we should know the meaning of it. Environmental sustainability involves making decisions and taking actions that are in the interests of protecting the natural world, with particular emphasis on preserving the capability of the environment to support human life. Among 8 MDG goals, ensuring environmental sustainability is one of them.
The objectives of ensuring environmental sustainability are improving the sustainable management of natural resources, ensuring low emission project, transport systems, saving energy, promoting agriculture, reducing climate related threats towards the countries, sustainable access to safe drinking water including basic sanitation and by 2020, improving the living standards of around 100 million slum dwellers. Continue reading
‘A,’ ‘I,’ D’ and ‘S’ are merely letters of the alphabet but put them together and it transforms into one of the most intimidating word in the history of mankind. 27 years ago, when the name AIDS came about, this disease was elusive. No scientist, doctor or health care professional could understand the nature of this virus, let alone how it was transmitted. But we powered on, as epidemiologists, scientists and healthcare workers worked hand in hand to not only identify the retrovirus but also to find a possible treatment, one which would improve the quality of life of an AIDS patient by leaps and bounds.
A retrovirus manipulates our immune cells and incorporates itself as part of our body’s defence system. It tricks us and makes us believe that it is one to be trusted. The sheer manipulation of this virus is astonishing as it not only “camouflages” as one of us, but kills our all mighty T cells without which we are defenseless against all infections. Finding a treatment that inhibits a retrovirus is a sheer stroke of genius. Continue reading
First Global Forum on Youth Policies
Assertion for rights have become more pronounced now than ever before. It has been brought about by political and social transition that has come in the form of democracy. While right to life, liberty and property are epitomized as inalienable human rights by several political philosophers and subsequent documentation in numerous Charters, Conventions and Constitutions, of late, right to expression has gained momentum. Within it, right to criticize has found its place among the people to the extent that it has become a common activity —so many people, in one way or another, participate in it . Complaints, gossips and anonymous complainants in news forums are quite popular amongst us.