In the early stages, industrial development needs basic human capital; the period needed to absorb simple industrial technologies is short and needs little protection or external support. At this stage, relatively non-selective educational interventions may be appropriate. As development proceeds, more difficult technologies are used and the need for more sophisticated and specialised training grows. We need to aware that technological knowledge is not shared equally among firms, nor is it easily imitated by or transferred across firms. Thus, simply to gain mastery of a new technology requires skills, effort and investment by the receiving firm, and the extent of mastery achieved is uncertain and necessarily varies by firm according to these inputs.
The Beijing Declaration and Platform for Action in 1995 is a visionary agenda for the empowerment of women. It still remains as the most comprehensive global policy framework and blueprint for action today, and is a current source of guidance and inspiration to realize gender equality and the human rights of women and girls worldwide.
After two weeks of political debate, exchange of information on good practice and lessons learned, representatives of 189 governments agreed to commitments that were unprecedented in scope. In addition, The Platform for Action covers 12 critical areas of concern which still classify as relevant challenges today: poverty; education and training; health; violence; armed conflict; economy; power and decision-making; institutional mechanisms; human rights; media; environment; and the girl child. For each critical area of concern, strategic objectives are identified, as well as a detailed catalogue of related actions to be taken by governments and other stakeholders, at national, regional and international level.
Human demands on the world’s available water supplies continue to grow due to rapid population growth, urbanization and industrialization. In the endeavour to manage water to meet human needs, greater demand for increasing smaller supply of water resources in the country and the ecological consequences have been tragic. If we hope to sustain water biodiversity, the appropriation of water flows must be better managed in order to ensure a wealth of goods and services for society in healthy water ecosystems.
To protect the ecological integrity of affected ecosystems, ecologically sustainable water management must occur in order to meet intergenerational human needs. Ecological integrity is protected when the compositional and structural diversity and natural functioning of affected ecosystems is maintained.
Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) will not able to be achieved by this year if the social issues are not able to solve. We need to aware that social issues can have a significant impact on life and both health of seniors. Thus, addressing these psychosocial problems is an integral component of seniors’ complex medical care.
Maternal health becomes a main concern nowadays as it relates to health of women during pregnancy, childbirth and postpartum period. Maternal morbidity and mortality will reduce by taking consideration of healthcare dimensions of family planning, preconception, prenatal and postnatal care. Preconception care refers to education, health promotion, screening and other interventions among women of reproductive age to reduce risk factors that might affect future pregnancies. In order to reduce the maternal mortality ratio, prenatal care is needed in order to detect any potential complications of pregnancy early, to prevent them if possible, and to direct the women to appropriate specialist medical services if appropriate.