Race, Class, Imperialism, Mankind and the Young – Ingxubevange


I have been reading Steve Biko’s “I Write What I like” and in it he opens up my eyes and names things I have been thinking about but have failed to give names to. Biko tackles lots of issues from colonialism to racism and imperialism. Biko confronts the issue of white guilt stemming from the past and how white South Africans, particularly, deal with this guilt. “Basically the South African white community are a homogeneous group of people. It is a community of people who sit to enjoy a privileged position they do not deserve, are aware of this, and therefore try to spend time trying to justify what they do and why they are doing so. Where differences in political opinion exist, they are in the process of trying to justify their position and usurpation of power” Steve Biko. Biko further suggests that white South Africans become liberal in hope to overcome their guilt, and not because they understand what black South Africans have been through, are going through and will continue to endure. Whilst Biko wrote the article during the epitome of Apartheid, his Black Consciousness (BC) ideals still prove to be necessary. It is however imperative that black people do not use BC ideals to perpetuate racism, for populist tactics that are likely to degenerate their countries into states of anarchy that undermine the democracies that were attained through blood, sweat and sacrifices.

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Domestic Workers or Slaves? A Question for Kenya

imageThe word “domestic” can contain many different meanings to those who interpret it. Some may think of it as a positive word, one that denotes the respectable position of keeping a home well-kept and presentable, while others may think of it as a negative word, which implies the daily drudgery of household tasks that keep the performers of these tasks in a never-ending routine of work. Whatever “domestic” may mean to people, it more than often has a feminine connotation. “A woman’s place is in the home” is a colloquial saying that was hegemonic in the collective consciousness of American society in the past and still persists in the present times. But what is the nature of domestic work? What happens to domestic work and the people who perform it when it is converted from a kind of work that is not measured by monetary earnings and completed by the women who live in the private sphere of the home, to a service which is completed by a hired and paid worker?

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IT Auditing: An Emerging Issue for Corporations

Source: http://www.target.com

Source: http://www.target.com

Auditing, a familiar term, is used in the corporate world more frequently. Among various types of auditing, IT auditing is one of them. Before discussing about IT auditing, it is necessary to give you a brief idea about what do we mean by auditing? Auditing is the process by which a competent, independent person accumulates and evaluates evidence about quantifiable information related to a specific economic entity for the purpose of determining and reporting on the degree of correspondence between the quantifiable information and established criteria.

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Conflicts and the Challenges of the Post Conflicts

This article deals with conflict and effective post-conflict rehabilitation approaches to prevent future wars and to establish the rule of law and respect for human rights. A special focus is put on establishing democratic governance in Nigeria.



There are daunting challenges of post-conflict reconstruction facing the majority, if not all African countries. Recovering from violent conflicts poses the risk of conflict relapse. The level of visibility varies with regard to the country as well as to the type of conflicts. This fundamentally influences public awareness associated with fear, insecurity and tolerance levels, relating to acceptable of conflict behaviors. Continue reading

Fundraising in the Times of Crisis for Youth-Led NGOs

hands tree-02(6).jpg

Source: Fotolia

Fundraising in the times of crisis is a sensitive issue. These crises may include, but are not limited to, natural disasters, civil unrest, political uprising, so on and so forth, whereby there are unprecedented economic, social and political impacts.Therefore, it takes a careful hand to fundraise in such times, where the crisis at hand may have adverse effects on organisations and their programmes.

The first thing to note about fundraising in such times is the sensitivities of the cause you are raising for and how you, as a potential fundraiser, will deal with them. As an already established youth-led non-governmental organisation, you should already have a network to whom you will approach for potential partnerships and donations. New supporters need to be cultivated, with existing ones hearing from you about your stand on the crisis.

Find out more about fundraising legalities and acceptable practices in the country you are raising for and from, if you are from another country. This will create a smoother road to fundraising success. There are usually helpful bodies and guidelines which can help you achieve your goal. There are also legal and accounting terms to consider, such as whether these funds are tax-deductible in your country and the country you are raising the funds for.

Create a goal, mission, vision, fundraising tactics and a timeline. Implement a contingency plan to prepare and mobilise your organisation to react and adjust to new economic conditions. In the face of many fundraising scandals, transparency is key. In an effort to encourage more transparency about the usage and allocation of the funds, the second thing is to create a public fundraising plan and timeline as to how you are going to use the funds raised for the cause. Updates should preferably continue in the weeks and months following the initial fundraising phase so as to increase transparency of what the funds are used for. This will ensure donors’ funds are used according to how they were planned for, helping to build trust in your organisation.

There are various fundraising methods, whether online or offline. Things to consider would be how you can do that whether you’re located in the country or raising funds for a cause in another country. Increase your organisation’s social capital: engage the board and discuss any strategic plans. Train all your staff and volunteers on the importance of continuous fundraising and utilise their various expertise to add value to your organisation.

Approaching potential corporate donors and sponsors could be a crucial part of your fundraising efforts; whereby support from such organisations would lend even more legitimacy to your organisation and perhaps even increase your reach. Diversify your donor base and expand your network: professional, alumni, school, so on and so forth. You would be surprised at how much support you can garner with a clear, concrete and viable mission, tactics and timeline.

At the end of the day, donors and sponsors should be thanked and kept updated. Progress on the beneficiaries and the cause should also be updated. This is for donors and partners to have a more active, personal attachment to the beneficiaries of the funds, cultivating a deeper, longer-term relationship. These donors are the key people with the means to give to your organisation now and in the future.

For more information on effective fundraising and building long-term relationships with your donors, sign up for our workshops in 23rd August 2014 at 15:00h GMT+2 and September 2014. We look forward to seeing you then!


The Importance of Transitional Justice

justice africaWhether for welcoming a newborn or mourning the loss of a relative, every society has and dearly holds onto its own forms of traditions. But in times of emergency such as civil war and genocide, those atrocities not only disrupt current community life but also affect future generations, with such death and destructions, no country is prepared to face the crises aftermath, let alone having a “Recovery toolkit” or a “Reset button”. Therefore, countries look for new ways to mourn their dead, commemorate the events, preserve the memory and move forward.

Since independence in the late 1950s and early 1960s, most Africa governments have been undemocratic, repressive and authoritarian. This has often been marked by serious violation of human rights. These attempts to move away from dark eras of dictatorship with the advent of the so-called “Third wave” of democratization in the 1990s has been accomplished by numerous challenges, one of which is how to deal with the trauma and wounds of the past by ensuring that human rights violations are accounted for in a manner that respects and protects the dignity of survivors and their relatives without threatening future peace and security. The movement from repressive to democratic systems of governance is a worldwide phenomenon and therefore, the transition in Africa has learnt from the inspiring experience of other transitions in Central and Eastern Europe and Latin America. The transitional challenges have usually been enormous. The question is HOW DO YOUTHS DEAL WITH PEOPLE WHO RULED ON A DAILY BASIS BY VIOLENCE, TERROR, INTIMIDATION AND DIVISION? HOW DO YOUTHS BRING BACK TRUST, ECONOMIC PROSPERITY, POLICAL STABILITY AND CONGENIAL SOCIAL RELATION? Continue reading

Youth Activism in South Africa, a Day in History

South Africans commemorate the 16th of June to serve as a reminiscence of what transpired in Soweto (a township/suburb I have yet to visit) on the said day in 1976. It is the most significant and arguably the most famous youth demonstration in all of South African history. For those who aren’t really sure what happened, I will in summary, elaborate.



Back then black people (mostly of African descent) were confronted by political oppression, extreme social degradation and inhumane economic exploitation. You could argue that there still exists political oppression in the motherland today and you could use the recent public attacks on public protector Thuli Madonsela by leading politicians. You could go on and tell me about how top prosecutor, Glynnis Breteynbach was unfairly suspended after she big names in the political scenery tackled (or at least tried to do so). Secondly, you could argue that social degradation is prevalent today and its prevalence is actually depressing. You could use the racism that we black people have to endure in our country everyday. You could use the stories your parents and all those related to you share about corporate South Africa as one of many examples. You could use the recent forced evictions that took place in Lwandle as socially degrading. You wouldn’t need to go further and tell me about the “open” toilet that once called the shanty townships around Cape Town home or the “still fresh on our minds” Marikana massacre. On economic exploitation you could outline how domestic workers, miners, unskilled labourers and the like are overworked and under-paid. I would never dispute the mentioned points; I would however argue that be it as it may, it was way worse back then. Continue reading

The Balkan Floods Aftermath: Have the Institutions Done Their Job? No, They Should Learn From This for the Future

Floods in Brcko, Bosnia

Photo: Floods in Brcko, Bosnia; theguardian.com

It has been over a month since the catastrophic floods that hit Bosnia, Serbia, and Croatia.

The water has receded but it left behind many problems, some of them classic for big floods – such as destroyed houses and farms, risks of sewer contamination, lack of drinking water; and some of them specific to the region – such as fields full of landmines still left from the Yugoslav civil war where the water has potentially moved the mines or removed warning signs thereby putting people at mine danger[1]. Some of the problems, however, seem to be purely institutional.

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Make Your Business Social & Role on the Web

Source: http://mysecretseo.com

Source: http://mysecretseo.com

On the eve of the 21st century, businesses are growing so faster than even before. Due to it, the numbers of competitors are increasing which makes the businesses more competitive. Social media a platform by which the businessmen are engaged with the potential customers and take the competitive advantages.

When you have a business, what do you want? The answer is that you want more profits from your business. But you need to know how you will make more profits than your competitors. To run your business more efficiently, you should keep in mind several things such as:

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The Creative Ways of Fundraising in Times of Economic Crisis

Source: http://www.oxfam.org.uk

Source: http://www.oxfam.org.uk

Before discussing the ways of fundraising, we should know what the fundraising and the economic crisis are. Fundraising is the system of collecting contributions of money or other resources voluntarily for a particular project by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations or government agencies. Non-profit organizations mainly raise funds. In case of economic crisis, it is a situation in which the economy of a country experiences a sudden downturn. Due to economic crisis, the GDP (Gross Domestic Product) of the country will fall down. During the time of crisis, the value of institutions, mainly the financial institution, drops at an unprecedented speed and everything will seem to be valueless. Production will low and often fails to meet the level of demand. Continue reading